Well, yes, in my opinion, astigmatism can just lead to eye floaters in some degree. First, you should know that astigmatism is merely a visual condition of the eye that is caused by its shape. And according to some researches, astigmatism is the result of an eye, which has two different powers, and it splits the focus point into two different partial focus points. And then, some symptoms can occur. For example, eye floaters, blurry vision, shadow images, eye muscle spasms, eyestrain, and headaches can be possible. So it can be very dangerous to have it. Of course, you can just wear contact lenses to correct it, and contact lenses can be better than glasses.
Usually, the eye floaters may be caused by the invisible bacterium which could also cause the eyes infection. However the astigmatism could also be related with your eye floaters to some degree. You need to use some eye drops with anti-inflammation to make your eyes get moisture and get clear. You could also use the warm compress to make your eyes feel comfortable.
An optical system with astigmatism is one where rays that propagate in two perpendicular planes have different flocci it is an optical defect that focus cannot gather on the retina. This may be due to an irregular or toric curvature of the cornea or lens. Astigmatism has many signs indeed, but eye floaters is not of them. Symptoms include blurry vision, squinting, asthenopia, fatigue, and headaches. Plus, wearing special eyeglasses can help with correcting astigmatism.