Well, from your description, I can see that you care about your eye health. Anyway, if you do not have any problems in relation to your eyes before taking the plane, then you would have no impacts on your eyes. But if your eyes have got something wrong, then there might be some impacts, for example, if you just received cataract surgery, then you would not be allowed to fly, or you will suffer serious problems.
It is possible to cause some eye problems because of taking plane. If you are taking plane, your eyes may suffer from dry eyes. Air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms and gases, all of which can be a source of dry eyes.