Yes, it is possible. About 10% patients happen to have this complication after eye surgery, which is the main cause of failure to the surgery. It is the scarring tissue happened to the central area of retina, named macula, which is full of nerve cells and we can see images through it. Macula usually lies flat against inside the back surface of the eye. So far it seems that clear reason for macular pucker is unknown. Sometimes cells grow inside eyes or an injury or condition might leave scaring tissue on macula which contracting or pulling macula. This pulling or contracting makes macula wrinkled, which is so called macular pucker.
Possible causes for macular pucker include vitreous detachment, increased aging, eye surgery, retinal detachment, uveitis, diabetic retinopathy and eye injury. Up to now I didn't find any way to prevent it. Normally ophthalmologist will provide no treatment when macular pucker doesn't impact the vision; instead he/she will suggest the patient to take more frequent eye exam than normal to make sure the situation is under control. When it becomes severe, the doctor might suggest the patient to have a surgery to fix it.
Well, yes, cataract surgery can lead to it. A macular pucker is a term that refers to scar tissue that has formed on the macula, the part of the retina that provides sharp, central vision. As we know that there are some factors which can lead to macular pucker, such as retina injury. When you have cataract surgery, it is possible to have microscopic damage to the retina's surface. When this happens, the retina begins healing the damaged area and forms scar tissue, or an epiretinal membrane, on the surface of the retina. In that way, a macular pucker may occur. And then, blurry vision and vision loss are two of the most common symptoms. Other possible symptoms may include mildly distorted vision, difficulty seeing fine detail and reading small print. So just be careful about it. For your situation, you should protect your eyes after the surgery by wearing eye patch.
Yes, it is possible to cause the macular pucker because of the cataract surgery because of the side effect. You could do the protection for the eyes carefully. You could eat more food with vitamin C to moisture the eyes. You could also not use the eyes for too much time every day after the surgery.