Are they discharges of your eyes? Does it hurt? Can you remove them? If they are discharges, they can be removed or washed away by water. But if they can't be removed, there might be something wrong with your eyes. You'd better have your eyes checked immediately.
You may get cataract. I suggest you to see an eye doctor immediately. May I ask how old are you? Cataract often happens among senior citizens. Too much exposure to sunlight can lead to cataract. But there is lasik eye surgery that can cure cataract as long as you are a good candidate for this kind of surgery. Good luck!
White spots on the retina of your eyes? It sounds a little weird. Mmm...I don't know what they are. But I think there is something wrong with your eyes. Maybe it is a starting sign of some kind of eye disease. So schedule an appointment with your eye doctor as soon as possible. Hope you will be fine soon! Good luck!
I think you may get age related macular degeneration. I heard that one key identifier for age related macular degeneration is the collection of small, round, white-yellow, fatty deposits called drusen in the central part of the retina. I think the lime or a white spot/deposit on your retina can be the sign of age related macular degeneration. So I also suggest you to see an eye doctor as soon as possible. Hope this helped!