Genetics are the most important factors. Because of that, the children has the possibility to inherit vision problems from their parents. It's best to determine if your child might inherit your vision problems, such as glaucoma, by discussing your family's visual history with your eye doctor.Nearsightedness and farsightedness have a strong genetic component, especially if both parents have the conditions. Color blindness and retinitis pigmentosa, which is an eye disease that affects the retina, can also be genetically passed down, but there are fewer cases. Glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration are also influenced by genetics, but these eye diseases can be prevented or delayed if the proper care is taken and if the diseases are caught early on.