It is not a fixed time from retinal detachment to blindness. It is depending on the exact situation you are in. Usually at the very beginning of retinal detachment, it is only tears or holes of retina. The fluid will go through the tears or holes and get underneath the retina which could cause retina peals away where it should be. Without prompt and proper treatment for it, the tears or holes of retina will gradually enlarges as the fluid underneath retina is getting more. Finally the retina will completely peals away from the back of eyes where it should be. At the beginning of this disease, you may have spotted vision, and then develops into partial vision lost. Take effective action before the permanent vision lost happen or you will definitely get regretted. See an oculist for professional support is the best.