The cells need omega-3 fatty acid to function. That can be found in cold water fish such as salmon, tuna, sardines, and fish oil supplements. The newly-discovered protein grabs the fish oil you eat from you bloodstream so your vision neurons or cells can function properly. Omega-3 fatty acid is the cells' building block.If the protein is not working to pick up and use the omega-3 fatty acids you eat, the very important vitamin A in your diet will also be ineffective in keeping the retina from functioning properly. So the bottom line, it's all about a nutritious diet from womb to tomb. We all, including expectant and breastfeeding mothers, children and adults, need omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin A to help protect our brain and eyes.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids protect against the development and progression of retinopathy, a deterioration of the retina, in mice.The researchers studied the effect of the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, derived from fish, and the omega-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid on the loss of blood vessels, the re-growth of healthy vessels, and the growth of destructive abnormal vessels in a mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy. The retinopathy in the mouse shares many characteristics with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in humans. ROP is a disease of the eyes of prematurely born infants in which the retinal blood vessels increase in number and branch excessively, sometimes leading to bleeding or scarring. Infants who progress to a severe form of ROP are in danger of becoming permanently blind. There are also aspects of the disease process that may apply to diabetic retinopathy, a disease in which blood vessels swell and leak fluid or grow abnormally on the surface of the retina, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a disease of the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision, and a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 60 years of age and older.The researchers found that increasing omega-3 fatty acids and decreasing omega-6 fatty acids in the diet reduced the area of vessel loss that ultimately causes the growth of the abnormal vessels and blindness. Omega-6 fatty acid contributes to the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina.